After Snub Square Tiling, I found out that it might be impossible tell Grasshopper about the dual of it because I had no idea on how to connect those area centroids appropriately in creating pentagons. That is where “Proximity 2D” component came to aid. I know it is not the best solution for a tessellation analysis, but this component saved my day. Or, maybe this is also a property of such semi-regular organizations that duals of polygonal centroids are always creating other regular tessellations if connected by using a proximity algorithm. […]


Dodecahedron is a Platonic Solid with 12 equilateral pentagonal faces. It has a close relationship with it’s 20-sided dual, Icosahedron. Mete Tüneri showed the following method of Dodecahedron construction, using only distances, corners of pentagon and a visionay equilateral triangle underneath. We’ll construct Dodecahedron, assuming that we’ve drawn an initial equilateral pentagon. We need to find out the pentagon’s angle of 3d rotation. First, put spheres at points a and c, with the radius of a to c. Intersection of these spheres result a circle. We know that, every point on […]


Icosahedron is one of the five Platonic Solids with twenty equilateral triangular faces. It’s dual is Dodecahedron, which has pentagonal faces. Here, Icosahedron is constructed by using pentagons. Interesting thing is it’s close relationship with Dodecahedron, although they seem to be very different. This time we won’t lose time with two dimensional pentagon drawing. Maybe we’ll discuss that later. Assuming you’ve created a regular pentagon, you should find the “tip” point of the Icosahedron by intersecting spheres from at least three of the corner points with a radius of pentagon’s […]