Kündekari is an old woodworking technique, composed of interlocking parts without any glue or nail. It is primarily used in wooden doors and minbers inside Mosques. The interlocking system makes whole structure very durable. Unfortunately very little information could be found on the web about this beautiful technique. Below you see a typical example of Kündekari components and the resulting pattern composition. The subdivision part is out of the scope of this post (as it might be anything). The interesting part is the tongue-and-groove method, something like a puzzle. In […]

The material system experienced here is an extreme example of  our final projects in İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture, first year Basic Design studio. Students studied fiberglass as their core material and they searched for weeks finding for a proper way to expose this material’s potentials into a spanning structure. They tried lots of different components, basicly using molds to give shape to glass fibers. However, their final decision was to use this material without a component logic. They used air baloons as negative molds, experimenting the construction of […]

Below is another cult article written by Robert Aish in 2005; Design has been described as making inspire decisions with incomplete information. True, we may use prior knowledge, we may even think we understand the causalites involved, but what really matters is exploration: of new forms, of new materials, and speculation about the response to the resulting effects. Essentially, this exploration has its own dynamics, involving intuition and spontaneity, and without which there is no design. But of course we all know that this is not the whole story. Design […]

Here is my 2004 Turkish translation of the popular article “Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture” by Manuel DeLanda in 2001. The computer simulation of evolutionary processes is already a well established technique for the study of biological dynamics. One can unleash within a digital environment a population of virtual plants or animals and keep track of the way in which these creatures change as they mate and pass their virtual genetic materials to their offspring. The hard work goes into defining the relation between the virtual genes and the […]

Here is the “hose” group of İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture Basic Design project. Although they challenged with a nearly impossible mission, trying to make a structural system out of hoses, they simply done it well. After a tremendous effort on the possible combinations of hoses and wooden sticks, they found sophisticated components, utilizing the positive potentials of both material. This year, we allowed them to develop composite systems by blending different behaviours of materials. In fact, no one was sure about the structural integrity of hose-stick combination. But […]

This is based on my failure of creating an optimum solution to planar polygonal subdivisions. There is a method called Tangent Plane Intersection (TPI), explained briefly here (sometimes similar algorithms are called “planar remeshing” and  “variational shape approximation”) which is effectively used in Trada pavilion (here). I tried to implement a similar method using only native Grasshopper components and no recursion, but it quickly became much more complicated than I thought. It was based on a simple idea that I can obtain the tangent plane of any point on a […]

New version of Grasshopper brings out two important features: Patch surfaces and date/time components. We used to implement a VB component to create simple clocks that measure temporal operations in Grasshopper. Parsing and executing MusicXML’s and related applications were based on that (here, here and here for example). Now I see there is a whole component tab, dealing with time-based issues in Grasshopper. I’m glad much more could be done in real-time now. Second and more important component was the special surface construction method of Rhinoceros, patch command is now […]

Below is one of the fourteen final projects of freshman year Basic Design studio in İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture. The component, made of folded aluminium sheets. Students insist that this is the most optimal solution to the problem of polyhedra in a component-based structure. They experimented with this shape a lot and tried their best to make one that has similar triangular faces on different sides, so the component would drive the macroform in diverse directions. Prototypes, trying to figure out the connection of multiple components to span […]

The story of Atatürk Cultural Center (in Turkish: Atatürk Kültür Merkezi – AKM) is dated back to 1930’s. The first project was commissioned to Auguste Perret, who started the construction in late 30’s. However, war and financial problems caused the construction to be halted. The project continued in the early 1950’s with major updates and extensions. Faruk Akçer and Rüknettin Güney were responsible for this second version. This version is partially built until 1960, the coup d’etat. The last AKM version was to be designed by Hayati Tabanlıoğlu, who studied […]

This group used aluminium expanded mesh in order to test it’s balance between structural capacity and weight. They folded different sized sheets to create components, then assembled them creating a span of 2,5 meters approx. They managed to control the macroform by manipulating the component precisely. This year, dominant discussion among the studio instructors was the context; how to include (or not include), manage, and think about the context, specifically the place these structures are built on. However for a freshman year Basic Design education, we act very carefully about […]

Material system of group 2 at İBU Basic Design project was based on a component developed by using tensegrity forces on aluminium bands. Although it was hard to maintain structural solidity with the heavy material, they proved well that it is possible to let aluminium fly over a predefined distance (at least for a limited time). *Students: Büşra Kavuk, Büşra Pamuk, Mustafa Sert, Ahmet Evci, Safa Bayam, Sibel Küçükcoşkun, Gizem Işıkalp, Serenay Erbektaş, Cem Şakar, Kübra Göl For more information about the studio, click here.

Following posts will include some of the final projects, completed in Basic Design Studio, İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture in 2013. Below, you see an amazing work of group 1, an interlocking system that presents diversity and structural integrity at the same time. This project initiated a hard discussion among final jury. I think the interesting geometric underlying, great precision for a hand-made computer modeling of each piece, and the layer of structural details that generates a pattern itself, make this work an outstanding example of our intentions in […]

Below is a nice brief explanation of the concept “pattern” in architecture. In fact, this old issue of AD still covers many aspects of contemporary conception and use of patterns in designing. I advise everyone in this field to take a look at this journal. The etymology of ‘pattern’ is from the Latin pater, or patronus, meaning father, patron, god or master, from which is derived the notion of pattern as a model, example, matrix, stencil or mould. The contemporary concept of pattern is as a sequence, distribution, structure or progression, a […]

A newly established student club named “E3 Architecture and Design” is organizing a two-day workshop at İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture between June 10-11, 2013. Event will be conducted at our computer lab. so the seats are limited to 28. I’ll try to explain the basic concepts of dataflow management in computer aided design. Also I plan to test a couple of problems apparent in computational geometry but not architecture yet.

Becoming very popular after the Beijing 2008 Olympics National Aquatics Centre’s facade (which is believed to be a voronoi subdivision, as an epic mistake), Weaire-Phelan is a solution (again said to be the “best” solution, which is not yet proven) of equal volumes with minimal surface area. This quickly became a cult object for contemporary architectural geometry (this is correct). Although it is believed to be a structural solution, I think for architects, catching the eye with “cute bubbles” seem to be the primary purpose of this structure. (images from […]

Below is the final production of three-day workshop at Bolu İzzet Baysal University Faculty of Engineering and Architecture. For more information about the process and the photos from first student prototypes, you may visit workshop blog at infections2.blogspot.com Grasshopper definition developed within the workshop is a simple multi-attractor system that deforms (or re-constructs) a regular square grid using the well-known voronoi subdivision. I’ll post the definition here.

The three-day design workshop at Bolu İzzet Baysal University has now opened a blog at: www.infections2.blogspot.com.  Students are expected to share their work there, so you may be able to track the whole workshop process in real-time.

This is an old research paper, prepared with Birgül Çolakoğlu. It is in Turkish and includes our first results in some of the Rhinoscript exercises. Here is the abstract of the paper; Recent research in architecture have focused on to understand computational methods of formal exploration and expression. Computational mechanisms have been used to readdress formal issues using new techniques and methods. Computational tools that operate on algorithmic logic are central in these explorations. Despite the proliferation of computers in architecture today, use of algorithms in architectural design is limited. This paper describes “Designing […]

Trifoliolate is a single-axis, single-prototile hexagonal deformation designed by Glen Paris at the studio of William Huff in 1966. Dataflow diagram of the prototile is defined by first implementing a “manual” Euclidean construction of ruler and compass, then this applied to Grasshopper using a curve evaluation method (which is much optimal). This dependency graph reveals parametric potentials of the tiling. After that, a gradial manipulation is added to the tiling in order to create the original parquet deformation. Finally, further deformation opportunities are experimented on the tiling. Dataflow modeling is based […]

I’ve seen very beautiful examples of similar compositions made by using vector field components in Grasshopper. Just tried to make my own animate field lines to see how they float over force dynamics. In essence, these compositions could also be done using regular vector components but the field components make life much more easier by merging different forces together rather quickly. Here is my Grasshopper definition (be careful it may slow the computer down) [GHX: 0.9.0014] As you see below, it is a quite small definition that creates beautiful complexity. Although we […]