Reading & Writing »

This is a great site, explaining very familiar concepts of dataflow diagrams for designers from the first hand. Leveling is an interesting chapter there, I’m not sure if it completely fits with the use of “Clusters” in Grasshopper but it is obvious that the complex systems should be well organized not only to be perceptually “better” ones but also to develop a way to use parts of definitions again and again in diffierent situations. …How do you actually DO the leveling of DFDs? The discussion thus far has been misleading in […]

This is the introduction chapter of my latest paper presented at Nexus 2014 Conference, Ankara. The paper will be published in 2015 issue of Nexus Network Journal. Generative algorithms have been integrated to design in a sequential form where text-based scripting languages are accepted as mainstream tools. This approach to design scripting is originated to “control flow”, the dominating paradigm of programming languages. Methods of control flow eventually lead designers to seek for secondary syntactic mechanisms in order to control program states, such as iterations, branchings, and conditionals. Developing sequential executions […]

Another Turkish translation from my Phd. The paper is titled “CAD Smart Objects: Potentials and Limitations”, presented by Magdy Ibrahim, Robert Krawczyk and George Shcipporeit at 21st eCAADe Symposium in 2003. It is a brief introduction to today’s CAD and BIM concepts. You can find this paper at CuminCAD’s database. Below is the Turkish version, I translated in 2005: CAD SMART OBJECTS: POTENTIALS AND LIMITATIONS Magdy Ibrahim, Robert Krawczyk, George Shcipporeit Özet Yıllardır, BDT (bilgisayar destekli tasarım; Computer Aided Design: CAD) yazılımları, kullanıcı tarafından anlamlı semboller olarak yorumlanan ve dönüştürülen […]

This is my Turkish translation of 1997 article of Charles Jencks, “Nonlinear Architecture: New Science = New Architecture?”. Very short but cult text explains the emergence of a new technology-based architecture. Although very old, it is still an up-to-date discussion for computational design research. NON-LINEAR ARCHITECTURE: NEW SCIENCE = NEW ARCHITECTURE ? Charles Jencks Yüz yıldan beri pekçok mimar yeni oluşan yaşam koşullarının yeni bir mimarlığı doğuracağını söylemişlerdir. İronik olarak, bu söylemler Modernistler tarafından gelenekselleştirilmiş, ancak zaten bilinen söylemin bir başka biçimi olmaktan öteye geçememiştir. Dolayısıyla Mies’in, “Her Pazar sabahı […]

Here is a good brief explanation by Mark Garcia on how patterns re-emerged in the digital age after Modernism and Postmodernism. …In the 1980s and 1990s, Postmodernist patterns predominated, and especially those of Robert Venturi, Rem Koolhaas, Stan Allen and Sanford Kwinter (fields), along with historicist, folding, sprawl, cross-programming, high-density/proximity, non-places and other Deconstructivist and high-tech patterns. In 1992, Henri Lefebvre’s last book Rhythmanalysis: Space, Time and Everyday Life was published. Because Lefebvre’s keystone concept of ‘rhythm’ is identical to ‘pattern’, it stands (together with Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s […]

Here is a small paragraph from Deleuze’s famous text, “Difference and Repetition”. It is still very exciting to read these ideas; “…If repetition is possible, it is due to miracle rather than to law. It is against the law: against the similar form and the  equivalent content of law. If repetition can be found, even in nature, it is in the name of a power which affirms itself against the law, which works underneath laws, perhaps superior to laws. If repetition exists, it expresses at once a singularity opposed to […]

Here is a phrase from Deleuze’s famous article “Difference and Repetition”. It clarifies my mind while thinking about patterns, boundaries, rules and most imporatantly, the idea and techniques of deformation in contemporary architectural geometry. … On the other hand, generality belongs to the order of laws. However, law determines only the resemblance of the subjects ruled by it, along with their equivalence to terms which it designates. Far from grounding repetition, law shows, rather, how repetition would remain impossible for pure subjects of law – particulars. It condemns them to […]

This is our eCAADe paper with Fulya Akipek, explaining our 2013 Workshop serie called “Infections”. Contemporary trend of the computational design education is grounded on an integration of domains such as fabrication technologies, material studies, and generative techniques. This requires not only an intuitive handling on digital tools and methods, but also an experience on material and production constraints simultaneously. Patterning emphasizes a material shift in the generative side of the digital paradigm, and a geometric shift in the material side, as well. The study presented in this paper is […]

This paper presents the beginnings of my journey into architectural education, presented at Yıldız Technical University Architectural Education Symposium 2007, together with YTU/CADU staff; Ela Çil, Birgül Çolakoğlu, Meral Erdoğan, Fulya Akipek, Oya Pakdil and Şebnem Yalınay. It includes different exercises from various studio instructors,  all motivated by the contemporary computational design theory. This was one of the milestones in the first year education of a computation-based studio in Turkey, we’re sustaining at İstanbul Bilgi University Basic Design studios today. The paper is in Turkish, I translated the final section […]

In 14th century, Albrecht Dürer basically seems to capture some of the fundamentals of contemporary parametric design. Apart from other thinkers of his age, he refused to accept one single definition of beauty, based on proportions. His famous physiognomical studies reflected very early examples of referential systems that generates diverse design outputs, even a half century before Descartes publised the coordinate system and four centuries before D’Arcy draw the formal studies on species. I don’t know if he is mentioned in historical studies of computational design today but he seems […]

Below is another cult article written by Robert Aish in 2005; Design has been described as making inspire decisions with incomplete information. True, we may use prior knowledge, we may even think we understand the causalites involved, but what really matters is exploration: of new forms, of new materials, and speculation about the response to the resulting effects. Essentially, this exploration has its own dynamics, involving intuition and spontaneity, and without which there is no design. But of course we all know that this is not the whole story. Design […]

Here is my 2004 Turkish translation of the popular article “Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture” by Manuel DeLanda in 2001. The computer simulation of evolutionary processes is already a well established technique for the study of biological dynamics. One can unleash within a digital environment a population of virtual plants or animals and keep track of the way in which these creatures change as they mate and pass their virtual genetic materials to their offspring. The hard work goes into defining the relation between the virtual genes and the […]

Below is a nice brief explanation of the concept “pattern” in architecture. In fact, this old issue of AD still covers many aspects of contemporary conception and use of patterns in designing. I advise everyone in this field to take a look at this journal. The etymology of ‘pattern’ is from the Latin pater, or patronus, meaning father, patron, god or master, from which is derived the notion of pattern as a model, example, matrix, stencil or mould. The contemporary concept of pattern is as a sequence, distribution, structure or progression, a […]

This is an old research paper, prepared with Birgül Çolakoğlu. It is in Turkish and includes our first results in some of the Rhinoscript exercises. Here is the abstract of the paper; Recent research in architecture have focused on to understand computational methods of formal exploration and expression. Computational mechanisms have been used to readdress formal issues using new techniques and methods. Computational tools that operate on algorithmic logic are central in these explorations. Despite the proliferation of computers in architecture today, use of algorithms in architectural design is limited. This paper describes “Designing […]

One of the cult texts in Shape Grammars theory is Stiny’s Ice-ray grammars. Although it is full of technical terms, it represents an analysis of a working algorithm, directly transferred from the behaviour of an artist. One can imagine a Chinese artisan, summoned to a building site, bringing with him tools and implements and a collection of finely finished sticks. Shown a rectangular window frame, he is asked to create an ice-ray lattice. He begins his design by selecting a stick of the appropriate length and carefully attaching it between […]

Below is a part of Heidegger’s famous book, questioning concerning technology; … We are questioning concerning technology, and we have arrived now at aletheia, at revealing. What has the essence of technology to do with revealing? The answer: everything. For every bringing-forth is grounded in revealing. Bringing-forth, indeed, gathers within itself the four modes of occasioning – causality – and rules them throughout. Within its domain belong end and means, belongs instrumentality. Instrumentality is considered to be the fundamental characteristic of technology. If we inquire, step by step, into what […]

After explaining the beautiful parquet deformations of William Huff, Douglas Hofstadter states his opinions about algorithmic potentials of those patterns. Although it was 30 years ago, Hofstadter points out a fundamental discussion related with today’s parametric design tools; …for a machine to make simple variants of a given design, it must possess an algorithm for making that design which has explicit parameters; those parameters are then modifiable, as with the pseudo-Mondrian paintings. But the way people make variations is quite different. They look at some creation by an artist (or […]

In 2007, we conducted a computational design studio in YTU / CADU with Birgül Çolakoğlu. Below is the brief of the paper publised at METU JFA Vol24 issue 2 titled “An Innovative Design Education Approach: Computational Design Teaching For Architecture”. We were dealing with how new technologies are effecting the design cycle. Rhinoscript is used as an educational tool, and various short exercises are conducted with it. After 6 years, I still think of ways on how to construct a proper curriculum to introduce basics of architectural scripting. Or asking […]

Architectural education in its relation with computational technologies is both becoming a part of these studies and having the potential of renovating itself with the knowledge of emerging technologies. This paper, in this framework will be presenting a design research studio that aims at developing the relational thinking capabilities in computational design process. In this studio, topics of parametric design, parametric modelling and relationality was questioned through design process. In 2006-2007 spring semester in the Graduate Studio II course of Computational Design Program at Yildiz Technical University, parametric modelling software, […]

From the 2009 eCAADe paper presented with Birgül Çolakoğlu titled; “Designer as Casual Coder: Overview of an Experimental Design Studio”; In recent years, computational approaches in architecture started to change the scope of the architect’s work. He/she is not any more a passive tool user instead, became a casual tool developer. Conventional CAD systems that focus on geometric representation of a designed artifact, are transforming into systems in which the design is represented as a parametric process. By increasing utilization of these systems in architectural design process, arametric modeling is integrated not only as a new medium of design representation, […]